Profit and Gain under presumptive basis vis-a-vis Section 115JB

Profit and Gain under presumptive basis vis-a-vis Section 115JB
As the number of zero tax companies and companies paying marginal tax had grown, the Minimum Alternate Tax Provision has been inserted in the Income Tax Act. It was felt that various concession given under the tax laws, big corporate groups become zero tax companies, to

Provident fund under the Head of Business or Profession

Provident fund under the Head of Business or Profession
In this particular article I wish to share some of my views about Provident Fund contribution by the Employer and Employee, its Taxability and deduction under the head of Business or Profession.
 The main objective of the provident fund is to give retirement benefit in the

F form under CST Act can cover transactions of a period more than one month

F form under CST Act can cover transactions of a period more than one month
Calcutta High Court in Cipla Limited vs Deputy Commissioner, Commercial Tax reported as VSTI 2013 Vol. 17 B-509 has held that There is nothing in Rule 12(5) of CST (R&T) Rules which could be construed to vitiate a declaration form

Changes in Audit and Auditors- Companies Act, 2013

Changes in Audit and Auditors- Companies Act, 2013
The companies act, 2013 has come into existence on 29.08.2013 that replaces a nearly six decade-old legislation and overhauls the way corporate function and are regulated in the country.
This article contains the description of some provisions related to audit and auditors which have been modified in