BUSINESS AND CHARITABLE TRUSTS
Under the provisions of section 11 of the Income Tax Act 1961 , the primary condition for grant of exemption to trust or institution in respect of income derived from property held under such trust is that the income derived from property held under trust should be applied for the charitable purposes and such income cannot be applied during the financial year, it has to be accumulated and applied for such purposes in accordance with various conditions provided in the section. While 15% of the income can be accumulated indefinitely by the trust or institution, 85% of income can only be accumulated for a period not exceeding 5 years subject to the conditions that such person submits the prescribed Form 10 to the assessing Officer in this regard and the money so accumulated or set apart is invested or deposited in the specified forms or modes. If the accumulated income is not applied in accordance with these conditions, then such income is deemed to be taxable income of the trust or institution.
In order to remove the complications regarding the period within which the assessee is required to file Form 10, and to ensure due compliance of the above conditions within time, it is proposed to amend the Act to provide that the relevant Form will be filed before the due date of filing return of income specified under section 139 of the Act for the fund or institution. In case the Form 10 is not submitted before this date, then the benefit of accumulation would not be available and such income would be taxable at the applicable rate. Further, the benefit of accumulation would also not be available if return of income is not furnished before the due date of filing return of income.
Yoga activity is proposed to be included as a specific category in the definition of charitable purpose on the lines of education.
It is proposed to amend the definition of charitable purpose to provide that the advancement of any other object of general public utility shall not be a charitable purpose, if it involves the carrying on of any activity in the nature of trade, commerce or business, or any activity of rendering any service in relation to any trade, commerce or business, for a cess or fee or any other consideration, irrespective of the nature of use or application, or retention, of the income from these type of activity, unless:
These type of activity is undertaken in the course of actual carrying out of such advancement of any other object of general public utility; and
The total computed receipts from such activity or activities, during the previous year, not exceed twenty percent of the total receipts, of the trust or institution undertaking such activity or activities, for the previous year.
These amendments will comes into effect from April 1, 2016.