Registration of Nidhi Company
“Nidhi” means a company which has been incorporated as a Nidhi Company with the object of cultivating the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending to, its members only, for their mutual benefit.
Nidhi Company shall be a public company. The Nidhi Company shall have only one object in its memorandum that is of cultivating the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending to, its members only, for their mutual benefit. Every Company incorporated as a “Nidhi” shall have the last words ‘Nidhi Limited’ as part of its name.
No Nidhi shall issue preference shares. If preference shares had been issued by a Nidhi before the commencement of this Act, such preference shares shall be redeemed in accordance with the terms of issue of such shares.
1. Eligibility For Nidhi Company Registration
a. Before Incorporation
Minimum Seven People: Minimum seven people are required to start the Nidhi company in India. These companies shall have minimum three directors. The same seven people can become shareholder and director of the company.
Minimum Capital: Nidhi shall be a public company and shall have a no minimum paid up equity share capital at the time of registration as per Central Government Notification. However, it should have Net Owned Funds of ten lakh rupees or more.
Unique Name: The name of the Nidhi company should be unique and should not be similar to the any existing company name or trademark.
b. After Incorporation
Not less than two hundred members
Net Owned Funds of ten lakh rupees or more
Unencumbered term deposits of not less than ten per cent. of the outstanding deposits as specified in rule 14
Ratio of Net Owned Funds to deposits of not more than 1:20.
2. Documents Required For Nidhi Company Registration
a. Identity proof of Directors and Shareholders
PAN Card for Indian Nationals (Mandatory)
Passport for Foreign Nationals (Mandatory)
Proof of nationality for Foreign Nationals
Proof of Identity (Voter ID/Passport/Driving License) (any one)
Resolution of the board of company / LLP for authorization of director/partner
2 Passport size photos.
b. Address proof of Directors and Shareholders
Bank statement/Electricity/Telephone/Mobile bill) (not older than two months) (any one)
c. Proof of Registered office
Conveyance/ Lease deed/Rent Agreement etc. along with rent receipts (any one)
Copy of the utility bills (Telephone/Gas/Electricity bill) (not older than two months) (any one)
NOC from Landlord
d. Other Documents
DSC form (physically signed)
Note: All the Documents in case of Foreign Director should be additionally complied as follows:
Notarized (if residing in commonwealth countries)
Notarized & Apostiled (if residing in country which is signatory to Hague convention)
Notarized & Consularised (If not covered in above categories)
3. Procedure For Registration of Nidhi Company
Name reservation: The first step in incorporation is to reserve/approve the name of company. The proposed name selected should do not contain any word which is prohibited under Companies Act, 2013. An approved name is valid for a period of 20 days from the date of approval, for a new company. It is permitted to apply for two proposed names and one Resubmission (RSUB) while Reserving Unique Names for companies through the RUN web service.
Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) of Director: The application for public limited company is filed online and it is mandatorily required to be signed by the director and shareholder of the company. So DSC is required to be taken for the directors and shareholder of the company, who is required to sign the e-form for registration before filing incorporation application for the company. Photo, ID and Address proof is required to along with DSC application form for issuance of DSC.
Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN): DIN is a unique identification number to the director issued by Registrar of the companies (ROC) for becoming a director in India. An application is filed along with ID and address proof duly attested by CS/CMA/CA.
Approval of other authorities: The Registrar of Companies may require the applicant to furnish the approval or concurrence of any department,regulatory body, appropriate authority, or Ministry of the Central or State Government(s) in relation to the work to be done.
Document submission: Application for registration/incorporation of Nidhi company is made to Registrar of Companies (ROC) along Memorandum and Article of Associations, declaration, affidavits etc.
Certificate of Incorporation: ROC then scrutinizes the incorporation form and documents, if ROC finds the documents are in order, issues Certificate of Incorporation which is the Registration certificate of Nidhi company. After receiving the certificate of Incorporation the Nidhi company is set to start its function.
PAN & TAN of the company: PAN and TAN are simultaneously applied alongwith company registration forms and are issued along with Certificate of Incorporation and also mentions into Certificate of Incorporation.
4. Advantages of Nidhi Company Registration
Limited RBI Regulations: There is limited RBI regulatory imposition on Nidhi Company. These companies follow the Nidhi Rules, 2014 of Companies Act, 2013.
Limited Capital Requirement: The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has done away with the minimum capital requirement of INR 5 Lakhs for Nidhis. However, as per Nidhi Rules, 2014, net owned fund of Nidhi company should be INR 10 lakhs.
No license from RBI: Nidhi don’t require to obtain a license from RBI like NBFC. Nidhi have to incorporate themselves as a public company, infuse the required amount of capital as per Nidhi Rules, 2014 and they can start.
Small Savings Channelisation: The small sections of the population contribute to the funds of and avail credit from Nidhi companies.
Lower Rate of Credit: The loans given to the members are at a lower rate of interest than the market rate.